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Lesson 4
Strumming the Guitar for beginners

By now you should know how to read chord grid frames and be able to place your fingers correctly on the strings and strum some chords.

In this lesson you will learn more about strumming, rhythm patterns, and chord progressions.

Basics of Strumming the guitar.

Music staff
A strum pattern is the combination of both down and up strumming of a chord that produces a particular rhythm for a musical arrangement or song.

These patterns are often written on a musical staff.   The staff is divided into sections called measures, or bars, in order to make it easy to read the rhythm of written music.   A bar line is a vertical line dividing the measures. 

 A chord progression is a series of chords played or strummed in a particular sequence to create a song or a musical arrangement.

In any progression you will strum the chord that is named above or inside the music staff. The symbol will tell you to strum down or up, and how many times to strum for each measure.

The following examples show a simple 2 chord progression using the G and E minor chords, with 3 basic strum patterns. Repeat each example until you are able to switch smoothly between chords.

Learn how to read music.  


Strum pattern
All Down Strum Pattern
Strumming  Pattern
Down and Up Strum Pattern 
Strumming Pattern
Down Down - Down-up,  Down-up pattern.
Music Staff
Sometimes you will see the chord written above or inside the staff of music without any intended strum pattern.  In this case you can kind of use whatever strum pattern you want as long as it fits the correct number of beats per measure. In our examples there are 4 beats in each measure.


Print out strum patterns from the resource page and practice the progressions with each strum pattern. Start with the down strums then move on to the other patterns. Your goal is to be able to switch between chords smoothly from one to the next.


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Each track has one version without the guitar in the mix, so you can play your guitar along with it. Some songs have the chords or Tab included.

AC DC Back in Black , Another Brick The Wall Part 2 - Pink Floyd , Apache -The Shadows, Crazy Train - Ozzy Osbourne,  Folsom Prison Blues- Johnny Cash, La Bamba, Mr. Crowley - Ozzy Osbourne, Walk Don't Run - The Ventures, What I like about You - The Romantics, Wipe out - The Surfaris,  and more.